Tuesday, March 15, 2011

WHICH VACCINATION DOES YOUR CAT NEEDS?

Cat need these two vaccines to make their life better and had good protection against certain dangerous diseases. Vaccination must be done at the early stage of age. It is recommended to do vaccination for cat at 6 to 8 weeks old.

1. Routine 4 in 1 vaccine

This type of vaccine contained killed or attenuated viruses that act against cat body to produce a specific type of antibody and to protect the cat from feline upper respiratory tract disease (FURD) and feline panleukopenia disease.

Feline upper respiratory tract disease (FURD) is caused by feline rhinotracheitis virus, feline calicivirus and Chlamydia psittaci. It is a complex disease. The symptoms including sneezing, running or blocking nose, running eyes, ulcerated tongue, drooling saliva, coughing and chocking-like breathing. The symptoms will vary according to which virus is causing the disease. Although it is not fatal to the cat by itself, FURD can caused considerable discomfort and may lead to serious condition and often fatal complications, such as chronic pneumonia.

Cat that recover from the infection do not became permanently immune. The episode can reoccur again in the future. The vaccination can provide fairly good protection against this particular infection. Some vaccinated cat can get infected, but the condition is not so serious and much milder.

Feline panleukopenia (FPV) is caused by virus similar to parvovirus in dog. It is highly contagious and fatal. Mortality rate is high. This disease can produce violent vomiting, severe diarrhea and death. In some cases, sudden death will occur. The death rate is very high, but it is becoming much less common nowadays due to the effectiveness of this vaccine.

2. Feline Leukemia vaccine

Feline leukemia (Felv) is a complex disease that can affect immune system of the cat. It can cause an AIDS-like syndrome, lowering the cat's defense mechanism, anemia, infertility and cancers to white blood cells.

It is possible for a cat to carry feline leukemia virus without showing any sign of illness (the cat is a carrier). Test of blood can be done before vaccination to determine whether the cat is a carrier or not.
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